Freda Napaljarri Jurrah - Witi Jukurrpa (Ceremonial Poles) - Yanjirlpiri

Blak markets

Freda Napaljarri Jurrah - Witi Jukurrpa (Ceremonial Poles) - Yanjirlpiri

$320.00

 

 This painô€†Ÿng depicts ‘wiô€†Ÿ Jukurrpa’ (ceremonial pole
Dreaming). The ‘kirda’ (owners) for this Dreaming are
Jungarrayi/Japaljarri men and Nungarrayi/Napaljarri
women. ‘Wiô€†Ÿ’ are 10-12 foot long ceremonial poles with
‘ngapiri’ (red river gum [Eucalyptus camaldulensis]) and
‘wurrkali’ (desert bloodwood [Corymbia opaca]) leaves ô€†Ÿed
to them from top to bo􀆩om. The young men dance with the
‘wiô€†Ÿ’ ô€†Ÿed to their shins using ‘ngalyipi’ (snakevine
[Tinospora smilacina]). They dance up and down with
slightly bent knees, causing the poles to shake and sway
and make noises that scare away spirits.
The site depicted in this canvas is Yanjirlpiri (meaning ‘star’
in Warlpiri), where there is a small hill and a number of
‘mulju’ (water soakages) and ‘warnirri’ (rockholes). The
ceremonial importance of this place cannot be
overemphasized, as young boys are taken there to be
ini􀆟ated from as far away as Pitjantjatjara country to the
south and from Lajamanu far to the north. This Dreaming
site is part of a set of major Dreaming tracks that begin at
Kurlungalinpa in the north, by Lajamanu, and travel
southward through Purrpalala, Ngarlpiyi (a soakage), Pangka
(a soakage), Rlipinpa (a soakage), Purlkurru (a soakage),
Warnirripatu (rockholes), Yirrinpi (a soakage), Manjankurrku
(a soakage), and Kunajarrayi to Yanjirlpiri (meaning ‘star’ in
Warlpiri). These Dreamings include ‘karnta Jukurrpa’
(womens’ Dreaming), ‘ngalyipi Jukurrpa’ (snakevine
Dreaming), and ‘waô€†Ÿ-jarra Jukurrpa’ (two men Dreaming).
Aô€…Œer travelling to Yanjirlpiri, the Dreamings then move
further west to Lappi Lappi and Yinin􀆟-walku-walku, near
Lake Mackay by the West Australian border. Yanjirlpiri is
also important due to its loca􀆟on close to an important
‘janganypa Jukurrpa’ (bush-tailed possum [Trichosurus
vulpecula] Dreaming) site.
In this ‘wiô€†Ÿ Jukurrpa’ (ceremonial pole Dreaming), Japaljarri
and Jungarrayi men travelled south from Kurlungalinpa to
Yanjirlpiri to perform ‘kurdiji’ (mens’ iniô€†Ÿaô€†Ÿon ceremonies).
Mens’ iniô€†Ÿaô€†Ÿon ceremonies are performed in the hot
summer months. Women also play a major role in men’s
iniô€†Ÿaô€†Ÿon ceremonies; Napaljarri and Nungarrayi women danced behind the men and collected ‘ngalyipi’ (snakevine)
and other bush foods as they went. The women also danced
for the ‘kurdiji’ (iniô€†Ÿaô€†Ÿon ceremonies) themselves, which
were performed at a number of loca􀆟ons. During the
ceremony, the men wore ‘jinjirla’ (white feather
headdresses) on either side of their heads. They also wore
wooden carvings of ‘yanjirlpiri’ (stars), which were laid out
on the ground as part of the sand pain􀆟ngs produced for the
‘kurlkurlpa’ (business). Their bodies were painted with
white and black circles represenô€†Ÿng ‘yanjirlpiri’ (stars).
In contemporary Warlpiri pain􀆟ngs, tradi􀆟onal iconography
is used to represent the Jukurrpa, associated sites, and
other elements. In pain􀆟ngs of this Dreaming, long straight
lines are oô€…Œen used to represent the ‘wiô€†Ÿ’ (ceremonial
poles), while sinuous lines are oô€…Œen used to represent the
‘ngalyipi’ (snakevine). Circles depict locaô€†Ÿons such as
Yanjirlpiri. ‘U’ shapes oô€…Œen are used to represent the senior
ini􀆟ated Jungarrayi and Japaljarri men, watching over the
correct performance of the ceremony.

 

 

61x46