Virginia Napanangka Fry - Pamapardu Jukurrpa (Flying Ant Dreaming) - Warntungurru

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Virginia Napanangka Fry - Pamapardu Jukurrpa (Flying Ant Dreaming) - Warntungurru


This painƟng depicts the Pamapardu Jukurrpa (Flying Ant

Dreaming) from Wapurtali, west of Yuendumu. 'Pamapardu'

is the Warlpiri name for the flying ants or termites that

build the large anthills found throughout Warlpiri country.

This country belongs to Nakamarra/Napurrurla women and

Jakamarra/Jupurrurla men. 'Pamapardu' are flying ants.

They build earth mounds (‘mingkirri’) that are common in

the Tanami area. When heavy rains come in summer the

‘mingkirri’ get flooded out, so the ‘pamapardu’ grow wings

and fly off to make new homes, following their queens to dry

mounds or to build a new. When they have found their new

home they drop their wings. In this stage they can be

collected, lightly cooked in coals and eaten. As they fall to

the ground women collect them to eat because they are

nice and sweet. In contemporary Warlpiri painƟngs

traditional iconography is used to represent the Jukurrpa,

particular sites and other elements. When this Jukurrpa

story is painted concentric circles are used to represent the

‘mingkirri’ and the rockholes involved in the story, including

the central one at Wapurtali (Mt Singleton). Dashes are

often depicted around the circles to represent the



Size 46 x 46 cm